The integration of these systems will help streamline everything from pre-planning to emergency mitigation to post incident analysis. Regarding President Zuma’s conduct in respect of the use of state funds in the Nkandla project, on the only evidence currently available, the President failed to apply his mind to the contents of the declaration of his private residence as a National Key Point and specifically failed to implement security measures at own cost as directed by it. It is my considered view that the President, as the head of South Africa Incorporated, was wearing two hats, that of the ultimate guardian of the resources of the people of South Africa and that of being a beneficiary of public privileges of some of the guardians of public power and state resources, but failed to discharge his responsibilities in terms of the latter. I believe the President should have ideally asked questions regarding the scale, cost and affordability of the Nkandla projectâ€. When we talk about innovation, the safety industry isn’t always the first that comes to mind. However, with the amount of technological progress taking shape on a daily basis, this is actually one of the fastest moving fields out. Yes, the safety industry is about to get a major facelift with innovative technologies at the forefront. A typical design of the various stage of a biopotential amplifier is shown in figure 30. The three electrodes which provide the transition between the ionic flow of currents in biological tissue and electronic flow of currents in amplifier represent a complex electrochemical system. To a large extent, these electrodes determine the composition of the measured signal. The preamplifier represents the most critical part of a amplifier since it sets the stage for the quality of the biosignal. With proper design, the preamplifier can eliminate, or at least minimize, the most signal interfering with the measurement of biopotentials. In addition to electrode biopotentials and electromagnetic interference, noise which is generated by the amplifier and the connection between biological source and amplifier has to be taken into account when designing a preamplifier. Previous students at the Centre completed both Masters and Doctoral degrees from DUT and UKZN, respectively. All research projects were based on algae biofuels. The Centre has been successful in producing biodiesel that may be best suited as aviation fuel (jet fuel). Papers published under the Centre for Algal Biotechnology since 2011 has been widely cited (over 382) and it’s h-index =9 (Google Scholar). Construction field is one of the sites which need high level safety measures. Here chances of head injury are high. Head injuries are more dangerous than body injuries as the chance of death is high in head injury. That is why the construction companies are providing protective hard hats to all their workers. So by wearing these hats you can escape from the chance of serious injury.