Much like cell phones are now capable of doing more than making calls, cars can do much more than drive and park. The immediate challenge of the ANC post-apartheid was the arduous task of fulfilling the hopes and aspirations of the majority of poor South Africans who were savouring the newly harvested fruits of freedom. The fulfilment of the hope aroused during the liberation struggle turned into a realisable prospect given the electoral promises of 1994, which illuminated a brighter and more prosperous future on the horizon. The promulgation of legislation to ensure the distribution of economic wealth to the black people and their empowerment initially gave the impression of an effective solution to the lingering question of economic freedom. VLSI implementation methodology across block, circuit, and layout levels of abstraction. Circuit building blocks including embedded memory and clock distribution. Computer-aided design (synthesis, place-and-route, verification) and performance analyses, and small-group block implementation projects spanning RTL to tape-out using leading-edge EDA tools. Cross-listed with CSE 241A. Recommended preparation: ECE 165. Prerequisites: ECE 260A; graduate standing. This course is designed to provide graduate students in electrical engineering (with specialization in Electromagnetic Theory) with numerical and computational skills and concepts to tackle electromagnetic wave phenomenon, radiation and scattering in the frequency domain. Since coming to power the ANC has been in a tripartite alliance with the South African Communist Party (SACP) and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU). This has been designed to shore up its power and provide political cover for its attacks on the working class. Needless to say workers have resisted the erosion of their wages and living standards and the last 2 years have seen massive strikes. As well as offering a high standard of living, Germany welcomes international students with low costs of study and good funding opportunities. PhDs in Germany do not usually charge tuition fees (see below), and more than a quarter of doctoral candidates in Germany receive public funding. In addition to Human Bias Officer, another new role aimed at ensuring employee safety has already emerged:Â Strategic HR Business Continuity Director. This person leads the HR response team and works with the CEO,Â CFO, CIO and the Facilities Director to propose how to create a safe workplace â€” for both onsite and remote workers. Elizabeth Adefioye, Senior Vice President and CHRO of Ingredion, has incorporated emergencyÂ preparedness and business continuity in her senior HR role. Says Adefioye, Since the Covid-19 pandemic, I have been partnering with our CEO and key executives from the technology, finance, communications, and facilities departments to develop a phased, safe global approach to returning to the workplace.â€ According to SHRM research, this is a key objective for CHRO’s as, 34% of organizations did not have an emergency preparedness plan prior to Covid-19 pandemic.